Interior of a cafe in Florence, Italy.

The Café Giubbe Rosse was a gathering place for the Futurists and still operates from its location in the Piazza della Repubblica (the former Piazza Viottorio Emmanuelle) and around the block from the Duomo, where Loy’s early poem “The Prototype” locates a critique of religious piety that disregards poverty. In the same Piazza, Loy would also gather with Futurists and others at Paschkowski’s café, mentioned in her satirical poem “Giovani Franchi.” The Futurist little magazine Lacerba includes Ardergo Soffici’s articles about the Café Giubbe Rossa, mentioning the conversations of Loy and her American artist friend Frances Stevens (Lacerba Jan. 15, 1914, p. 30; in Burke 153).